Garden

How to grow mushrooms in plastic bags to harvest every day

How to grow mushrooms in plastic bags to harvest every day

  1. Preparation: Begin by preparing a basin of water. Mix 200 grams of lime powder with 30 liters of water, creating a lime water mixture. This mixture will be used for the initial treatment of the substrate.
  2. Substrate Preparation: Immerse straw or hay into the lime water mixture. This step is crucial as it prepares the substrate, which is the growing medium for the mushrooms. Allow the straw or hay to soak for about 30 minutes.
  3. Draining and Incubation: After soaking, drain the substrate and then cover it with a layer of plastic to incubate. The incubation process is vital for the development of the mycelium. During this period, which lasts about 4 days, the temperature of the straw should be maintained at around 65-70°C.
  4. Mushroom Embryo Closure: Once the straw has been successfully incubated, proceed to close the mushroom embryo. This step involves moving on to the actual mushroom cultivation phase.
  5. Using Plastic Bags: For the cultivation, use normal plastic bags, preferably polyethylene PE, with a size of about 30 x 40 cm. The bags should have a folded square bottom to facilitate the layering of the substrate.
  6. Layering the Substrate: Start stuffing the bags with the substrate. The bottom layer should be around 3-4 cm high. After laying the first layer, transplant a layer of mushroom seed around the wall of the bag. Repeat this process, adding layers of 6-7 cm high, until you have four layers in total. On the top layer, sprinkle the seed evenly over the surface.
  7. Sealing the Bags: Once the bag is layered with substrate and seeds, use clean cotton to roll into a knot, which will be used to close the bag. Secure the mouth of the bag with a tie or belt for proper sealing.
  8. Transferring to the Nursery: After transplanting the seeds, immediately transfer the bags to a fiber nursery. Arrange the bags at a distance of about 3-5 cm from each other. Cover the mouth of the bag with newspaper to aid in moisture retention.
  9. Creating the Right Environment: Ensure the plastic surrounding the growing area is closed or doors are kept shut to maintain moisture and warmth, which are crucial for mushroom growth.
  10. Observation and Cutting: Monitor the bags until the mycelium covers the bag entirely, giving it a uniform white color. Then, cut the bag and hang it. Make staggered incisions around the bag for mushroom sprouting.
  11. Watering and Harvesting: Water the mushroom bags 2-3 times a day, ensuring even moisture. Mushrooms, especially oyster mushrooms, will grow in clusters. Harvest the mushrooms by twisting them counterclockwise, which allows them to come out without leaving the root. After harvesting, pause watering for a few days to allow for further sprouting and care of subsequent generations.
  12. Continued Harvesting: Continue this process for subsequent harvests. The mushrooms in the following harvests tend to grow more abundantly.

This method is a simple and effective way to grow mushrooms at home using everyday materials. It’s a hands-on approach that allows for daily harvesting and can be adapted according to your specific needs and available resources. Remember, the key to successful mushroom cultivation is maintaining the right environmental conditions and carefully monitoring the growth process.

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